Healthy habits means

healthy eyes

Being able to see well is a vital aspect of performing daily activities for most people. Worldwide, many people rely on contact lenses (as well as glasses and eye surgery) to improve their sight. Contact lenses can provide many benefits, but they are not risk-free, especially if contact lens wearers don’t practice healthy habits and take care of their contact lenses and supplies.

If patients seek care quickly, most complications can be easily treated by an eye doctor. However, more serious infections can cause pain and even permanent vision loss, depending on the cause and how long the patient waits to seek treatment.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in close collaboration with partners, has organised Contact Lens Health Week starting today, as a strategy to increase public awareness and promote healthy contact lens wear and care.

August 17-21, 2021 marks

the 8th annual Contact Lens Health Week

This year’s health messages cover three key areas:

• Healthy contact lens wear and care hygiene practices

• Risk associated with improper contact lens use

• Regular visits to an eye care provider

What are the risks of wearing contact lenses?

There are many types of contact lenses—hard, soft, daily wear, and extended wear—all of which are considered quite safe. But rarely, serious problems may occur. And since about 45 million people in the US wear contact lenses, a risk affecting even a small percentage of users could translate to many thousands of people affected.

The most common concerns and conditions related to wearing contact lenses include:

• eye irritation or pain

• swelling around the eye

• ↓↓blurry vision or sensitivity to light

• conjunctivitis (“pink eye”)

• corneal ulcers (injury to the smooth, clear front portion of the eye)

• infectious keratitis (inflammation of the cornea due to an infection)

Although minor irritation may go away on its own within a day or two, stop wearing your contacts and call an eye doctor if you have severe or persistent symptoms. Usually, this requires evaluation by an ophthalmologist.

Sleeping while wearing contacts may cause serious harm

The cornea is the transparent outer layer of the eye. It protects the eye and helps focus light on the back of the eye, enabling you to see clearly. While contacts rarely harm the cornea, sleeping in contacts not intended for extended wear can make a corneal infection or even an ulcer more likely to happen.

In a 2020 report, doctors described the stories of three persons with serious eye infections after wearing their soft contact lenses while sleeping. For example:

• A man reported sleeping in his contact lenses during a hunting trip. Soon after, he developed a corneal infection with an ulcer.

• A woman regularly slept in her contacts, used them for longer than recommended, and did not see an eye doctor for many years. After developing sharp pain in her right eye, she was diagnosed with infectious keratitis.

• A man wearing contact lenses for two straight weeks developed cornea infections in both eyes.

Treatment for these problems included prolonged courses of antibiotics. Additionally, two people needed a corneal transplant. Even with these treatments, some people lost vision.

Serious problems like this are rare: estimates suggest keratitis occurs in two to 20 per 10,000 contact lens wearers.

If you wear contacts, take note

As these cases demonstrate, unless you use extended-wear contacts specifically approved for wearing overnight, you shouldn’t sleep in them. Even then, it’s safest to take them out before bed.

Other recommendations

for safe contact use are:

1. Ask your eye doctor which solutions you should use and stick with them. Store them in a cool place.

2. Wash your hands well before touching your contact lenses.

3. Don’t put your contacts in your mouth or spit on them (yes, there are people who do that, especially with hard contacts).

4. Don’t let hand creams or makeup come into contact with your lenses. Put your lenses in before applying makeup, and take out your contacts before removing your makeup.

5. Keep your lens case clean and dry between uses, and get a new one at least every few months.

6. Don’t overuse your contacts. Change your lenses as recommended, whether daily, weekly, or as directed by your eye doctor.

7. Get an eye examination at least once a year.

8. If you notice problems, such as redness or pain in your eye or a change in vision, take your lenses out right away and let your eye doctor know.

The bottom line

If keeping up with the recommended routine is truly too much of a bother, talk to your eye doctor about other options. Fortunately, serious problems related to contact lens wear are quite rare, probably because the recommended care of lenses reliably prevents them. So, be conscientious about taking care of your contact lenses.

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